Most singers are struggling with pitch. Those who can hear the right notes in their head but are unable to sing them are doing physical things that prevent them from hitting those notes. There are several things that will make you stay in tune: properly shaped and sustained vowels, light consonants, continuous and effective breath support, meter and more. Vowels that are too spread will give you a generic vocal tone and will cause flat notes.
Effective Breath Support:
Breath support effects your pitch control, vocal range, vocal tone, meter and more. There different schools of thought on breath support. Some teacher will tell you place your fists on the sides of your ribcage and expand your ribcage horizontally. Some will tell you place you hand directly over your diaphragm and use that. Some will say use your lower abs to expand and contract. What's the most effective? Supporting from lower abs will give you greater pitch control and dramatically increased vocal range as opposed to supporting from right beneath you ribcage or expanding your ribcage out horizontally. You have to find the most flexible area of you lower abs and use that as opposed to using higher muscles. You can try all three breath support methods and see for yourself. Using the first two methods of breath support will give you a brassy, generic vocal tone, a shaky vibrato and about 2.5 to 2.75 octaves. Supporting from lower abs will help create a beautiful vocal tone, over 4 octave vocal range, enhanced pitch control. If you learn how to sing proper vowel and consonants, as well as meter, you will be in control of you pitch all the time.
There are other less popular breath support methods such as using yoga breath, none of which are effective. Yoga breath in particular is not effective for singing and will not enhance your singing ability.
Beautiful Vocal Tone:
How Singing On The Vowels Effects Vocal Tone:
Proper vowels have the most impact on vocal. Have you ever heard singer with whiny voices? Did you assume they have little singing talent? They are just singing moving vowels, wich are making them sound this way. Other mistakes could be singing dirty vowels. Dirty vowels happen when the consonant following the vowel is blended into the vowel making the voice sound similar to nasal. Although there is a difference - nasal is a type of placement, dirty is a type of a vowel. One can be both nasal and singing dirty vowels, resulting in a very unpleasant vocal tone. And in contrary, those who sing clean stationary vowels with proper placement and light consonants would have a beautiful vocal tone. This is assuming the voice in not abused.
how placement effects vocal tone:
Vocal placement plays a significant role in how your vocal tone will sound. Problems with placement can lead you to sound nasal, off key and unpleasant. The best way to place your voice is in sphenoidal sinuses, vocal resonances, located behind a singer's eyes. This can be achieved through a series of exercises designed for that purpose.
How The Use Of Vocal Resonances Effects Vocal Tone:
Proper use of vocal resonances can make one's voice beautiful, unique and rich. The sound passes through these resonances as it's leaving your body coloring your voice. The are exercises one can do to engage these resonances and "grow the beauty of your vocal tone." This practice is over 300 years old and has been used by some of the greatest singers of all time.
How Vocal Abuse Effects Vocal Tone:
Abused voices will never sound as beautiful as healthy one. If you have vocal nodules or frequent hoarseness, it's likely that you have a habit of glottal stoking. You don't need to have a surgery for vocal nodules. Most my students with vocal nodules heel after 4-6 months of vocal therapy lessons. In these lessons they learn the causes of vocal nodules and how to sing and speak in a healthy way. Within a few months, the nodules dissolve. Those who get a surgery for nodules, are likely to have the nodules re-occur.
How Proper Breath Support Effects Your Vocal Tone:
Above you've read how breath supports affects you pitch, in addition to that, it plays a large role in your vocal tone. Proper breath support largely effects your vocal tone.
Supporting high in the abs will give you an average sounding, thinner and a rather unpleasant vocal tone. Refer to the section below on how to use breath support properly.
Break on breath support cause complete or partial shut down ofyour vocal resonances in your face and head. This is what gives one that generic, thin, poor sounding tone. In contrary, using continuous support of your lower abs gives one beautiful, rich, unique and full vocal tone.
From The Author:
Hope this helps those of you who are searching to find their voice, feel free to post your questions in the comments sections under my Youtube video tutorials and I will happy to answer all your questions.
Vocal Tip: A great way to isolate proper breathing muscles is to lie down on the floor on one's back and place a book over lower abs. As a singer inhales, the book should be rising up. This method is easy to execute and will give one a beautiful vibrato and an agile voice, capable of singing trill and turns.
- Irina Fields, Vocal Coach of "Beautiful Voice NYC"